Cancer is referred to a word called"big C". Almost no one wants to talk about this disorder as it is a heartbreaking work.Usually cancer is related to death where more than 1 billion people are diagnosed with cancer every year. It does not differentiate gender, ethnicity and color. Cancer is a non-infectious and non- communicable disorder referred by growth of abnormal cells if untreated can kill the patients as they first destroy the organ and then the whole body.More cancer patients are died because of late detection of cancer.
The exact cause of cancer is not known but the presence of mutagens cause mutation in genes. These mutant genes have no control over the normal functioning of cells and lead to cause cancer.
- Lung cancer, mouth, throat, cancer in urinary bladder and larynx are caused by excessive smoking.
- Mouth cancer, throat and esophagus are caused by chewing of tobacco and betel nuts.
- Stomach, gall bladder and liver cancer are caused by excess intake of alcohol.
- Large number of chemicals, dye, heavy metals and X-ray can cause cancer.
Anti- cancer drugs are used to control wide range of cancer by traveling into the body and destroy the cancer causing cells along with normal cells. Cancer can be curable if detected at early stage and the patient can enjoy their life without getting back the symptoms of this disease.
Several class of drugs are used in the treatment of cancer such asArimidex, Erlocip, Sorafenat, Aromasin, Xtane, Temozolomide Tablets, Altamofen, Nolvadex, Erlonat, Imatib Tablets, Cytarabine, Temodar are some of the medications use to reduce the symptoms of cancer.
50 percentage of death caused by cancer can be prevented just by changing lifestyle, these includes eating healthy diet, quit smoking, maintaining proper body weight and by regular exercise.