Cancer is a class of diseases characterized by abnormal cell growth. People of almost every nation have been affected by this, and it has taken away many lives. There are over 100 different types of cancers classified basically upon the cell that is initially affected. Cancerous cells harm the body when altered cells divide uncontrollably to form lumps or masses of tissue called tumors. Tumors can grow and interfere with the functioning of other cells as well as with the digestive, nervous, and circulatory systems, they also release hormones that alter body function. Cancer depends upon the location and its severity can be classified into benign and malignant.

Benign tumors are, as such not a cancer but may turn into malignant cells which are more dangerous and move throughout the body using the blood or lymphatic systems, destroying healthy tissue in a process called invasion. A cancer cell spreads to other parts of the body and grows, invading and destroying other healthy tissues, known as Metastasis.

According to a relevant report in USA, Cancer is one of the most common causes of death in the US and accounts for nearly 1 of every 4 deaths.

There are said to be over 200 different types of cancer but among them the most common type’s are- Bladder cancer, colorectal cancer, blood cancer or leukemia, ovarian cancer, lung cancer, Breast cancer and mouth cancer.

The treatment of cancer is itself not an easy task, several scientists from all over the world put forth research to give a planned and effective way to get rid of the disease. To achieve the task several stages have been postulated to manage signs and symptoms of various types of cancer. The stages include radiotherapy, blood tests, chemotherapy, Hormone Therapy, surgery, Stem cell transplant and through precise medication. 

The most common medications which are prescribed to treat different types of cancer are as follows- 

  • Arimidex (Anastrazole) is helpful in the management of breast cancer 
  • Erlocip 150  (Erlotinib) is used for the treatment of the lungs and pancreatic cancers
  • Sorafenat (Sorafenib) is an anti- cancer drug, which is mainly prescribed for Renal and Hepatic carcinoma.
  • Aromasin (Exemestane)  is indicated in breast tumor
  • Xtane (Exemestane)  is indicated for the management of the breast tumor in
  • Endonax  is used to treat symptoms of certain types of cancer such as Lymphoma, Leukemia, Multiple myeloma, Mycosis fungicides
  • Cyclophosphamide is used to treat malignant cell such as leukemia, skin and gastrointestinal tract.
  • Temozolomide (Temozolomide)  is indicated for the treatment of Anaplastic astrocytoma and Glioblastoma
  • Cytarabine Injection (Cytarabine)  is used in Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  • Femara (Fempro)
  • Gefitinib Tablets(Iressa)  is indicated for the treatment of Non small cell lung cancer
  • Temozolomide  is indicated for the treatment of Anaplastic astrocytoma and Glioblastoma
  • Veenat 400mg (Imatinib)  is an effective medication for curing leukemia
  • Gleevec ( Imitinab)

Cancer cells develop due to the abnormal growth of cell and cell division. Chemotherapy affects cell division and is demonstrated as the best way out to manage tumors with high success rates generally in leukemia and the aggressive lymphomas, including Hodgkin's disease). As a larger proportion of the targeted cells are undergoing cell division at any time, they are targeted by specific anticancer drugs.

What are the side effects of anticancer drugs?

Common side effects of anticancer agents in patients include,  low blood counts,  tiredness, mouth soreness, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, constipation or diarrhea and hair loss.

What is the important information about anticancer drugs?

 Oral agents should be taken routinely on chemotherapy schedule otherwise missed regimen may rebound the disease. Do not stop or change the dose of the drug until it is advised. Dose of the drug depends upon the blood count and severity of the disorder in the body of the patient. Most cytotoxic drugs can cause local toxic or allergic reactions; hence care should be taken while handling these drugs. In order to reduce nausea and vomiting, patient is advised to maintain fluid levels and it also reduces drug toxicity. Patients should be alerted to avoid risks of viral contamination or kept away from persons who may be infected with viral disease.  Antineoplastic drugs are commonly harmful to the fetus, hence not advised for pregnant women or nursing mothers. In order to gain maximum effect, drugs are commonly used in combinations. 

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